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Discover Your Educational Philosophy
with
Philosophies Held by Instructors of Lifelong-learners (PHIL)

Validity Information

Our educational philosophy underpins everything that we do as instructors in the teaching-learning transaction. Our philosophy is based on our assumptions about our definition of learning and our views on the nature of mankind, the purpose of education, the nature of the curriculum, the role of the teacher and the learner, and the nature of the instructional process.

There is no right or wrong philosophy. Each philosophy simply represents a different belief system about the nature of the learning process. In Western thought, there are five major philosophies that have endured over time. They are Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism, Existentialism or Humanism, and Reconstructionism.

The starting point for being a professional in education is to understand why you think and act the way you do in the classroom. While a philosophy indicates what you believe about the teaching-learning transaction, not all of the tenants of each philosophy are congruent with adult learning principles. Therefore, your task as a professional is to identify your philosophy and then critically reflect on how to make your classroom actions consistent with established principles related to adult learning. The following instrument can help you identify your overall educational philosophy in less than two minutes.

Directions: For each statement, select the one answer that best fits you and your beliefs. Continue this process until you learn your group name and the description of your group.

As an educator, I seek to create a classroom environment that has content and educational activities that are:

Controlled with careful analysis by me of the material to be covered and concepts to be taught so that learners can systematically move toward the learning objectives.

Considerate of the learner's needs so that each learner can explore and make educational decisions in consultation with me.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I believe that educational activities should:

Start with the educator planning activities by identifying problems that can be solved by the instruction.

Involve the learner in making key decisions in consultation with the instructor about what to include in the educational activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I believe that the effective instructor:

Capitalizes on the learners' feelings during the learning process to accomplish the learning objectives.

Helps learners increase their awareness of significant social and political issues so that they can have an impact on these situations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I believe that people learn best:

From expert instructors who know what they are talking about.

From instructors who emphasize practice and continually provide feedback to the learners.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your philosophy is Idealism.

Read below for a description of your philosophy and of the other four philosophical schools.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your philosophy is Realism.

Read below for a description of your philosophy and of the other four philosophical schools.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your philosophy is Pragmatism.

Read below for a description of your philosophy and of the other four philosophical schools.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your philosophy is Existentialism or Humanism.

Read below for a description of your philosophy and of the other four philosophical schools.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your philosophy is Reconstructionism.

Read below for a description of your philosophy and of the other four philosophical schools.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Modified: 8/31/2006)